Hyperthyroid 101: Graves’ Disease Treatment Options
- Three options.
- Anti-thyroid medication preserves thyroid function.
- Surgery permanently eliminate your body’s ability to produce thyroid hormones, so you need to take daily thyroid hormone therapy afterward.
- Radioiodine. same for RAI.
- There’s no treatment available for the root cause of Graves’ disease.
- Treatment focuses on controlling the overactive thyroid.
- Anti-thyroid medication often is recommended as the first step in treatment.
- This option holds the possibility of remission.
- Methimazole makes it harder for the body to produce thyroid hormone.
- 45% anti-thyroid medication leads to remission.
- Low dose can be used for a longer period instead of surgery or RAI.
- Relapse can occur.
- Methimazole is not recommended for women who are thinking about becoming pregnant or are at the first trimester of pregnancy.
- Relapse can be treated with surgery or RAI.
- After both radioactive iodine therapy and surgery, you likely will need to take daily hormone replacement therapy for the rest of your life.